• Antigona Dervishaj - Ukehaxhaj - Corresponding Author Albanian
  • Donart Koci "Isa Grezda" Regional Hospital
  • Faton Hoxha University Clinical Hospital Services of Kosova.Surgery Clinic,Pristina,University Fehmi Agani of Gjakova
  • Aurora Muslija "Isa Grezda" Regional Hospital



Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM type 2) accounts for about 90% of all cases of diabetes. Diabetic foot includes any pathology that results directly from diabetes mellitus or its long-term complications. Loss of sensation caused by peripheral neuropathy, ischemia due to peripheral arterial disease or a combination thereof can lead to foot ulcers.

The purpose of this paper is to expand the knowledge about Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, respectively the impact of physical activity and hygiene on the foot of patients with Type 2 Diabetes, which entered the group of chronic complications of Diabetes.

The method of retrospective study was used for the realization of this work. This paper is based on the data of the registers that have been provided in the Regional Hospital "Isa Grezda" Gjakova, in the Internal department and the specialist ambulance of Surgery. This paper analyzes the histories of patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and diabetic foot, during the period January 2020-June 2021.

There were a total of 155 patients, 41 of them with Diabetic Foot. The most affected gender with Diabetes and diabetic toe in this period, was the female gender with 86 patients while the male gender with 79 patients. The most affected age group was over 65 years old.

Of the 155 patients, 102 use insulin therapy, while 53 of them use oral therapy. The prevalence of patients with diabetic foot for the period January 2020- June 2021 results in 0.43.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus and diabetic foot as its chronic complication are serious health conditions that require maximum health care from health personnel, therefore it is necessary to cooperate continuously with the person suffering from such a condition and his family. Curing and managing type 2 diabetes mellitus and diabetic foot has high financial costs and requires constant and multidisciplinary care.