• Labinot BERISHA Faculty of Phiology, University of Gjakova"Fehmi Agani"


Written Epic, Tradition, Gjakova University, Kosovo


: Narrative stories about different phenomena of life, nature, and the inner world were first told orally. In this way was created oral narration of literature. With the discovery of writing, narrative stories and expression through signs - fixed text later were published. In this way, oral storytelling changed the form.  Thus, the works of written literature differ from works of oral storytelling.

The tradition of written epic has given a dimension as wide as a deep one to the phenomenon of the development of epic narrative, because the main event is supplemented by a series of other events, which could not exist in that way in the creations of oral epic. This is what happened to the main character, without whom it was not possible to think of an epic or an epopee: during the creation of the characters, the authors of the written works introduced previously unknown elements into the literature that was transmitted orally.

            Despite the fact that epic, oral and written poetry is based on concrete events from the past, it has also expressed an imaginative world, that is, it has proved the imagination of the singer or author who created it.

The written epic, as stated above, in its path of birth and development was based on the oral epic, which preceded them. It should be noted, that both, especially the written epic, made a marked on the works of written literature. I am mentioning here only the chivalrous novel, which preserves some peculiarities of the oral epic, which are expressed not only in the wonderful world, but also in the characters, who are of great importance for the world of the novel itself.